One of the most common causes of knee pain, especially in people participating in endurance sports, is Iliotibial Band Syndrome (IT Band Syndrome). It accounts for up to 24% of cycling injuries and up to 12% of running injuries. Physical Therapy is extremely effective in managing Iliotibial Band Syndrome.
What Exactly Is Iliotibial Band Syndrome?
The Iliotibial Band (often referred to as the IT Band) is a type of soft tissue that runs along the outside of the thigh from the pelvis to the knee. Its shape thickens as it approaches the knee as it crosses a prominent area of the femur (thigh bone) called the lateral femoral condyle. It attaches to two important hip muscles near the pelvis–the gluteus maximus and the tensor fascia latae (TFL). Iliotibial Band Syndrome occurs when excessive irritation causes pain along the outside of the knee.